SPARC

SPARC is a global coalition committed to making Open the default for research and education. SPARC empowers people to solve big problems and make new discoveries through the adoption of policies and practices that advance Open Access, Open Data, and Open Education.
SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) works to enable the open sharing of research outputs and educational materials in order to democratize access to knowledge, accelerate discovery, and increase the return on our investment in research and education. As a catalyst for action, SPARC focuses on collaborating with other stakeholders—including authors, publishers, libraries, students, funders, policymakers and the public—to build on the opportunities created by the Internet, promoting changes to both infrastructure and culture needed to make open the default for research and education.

https://sparcopen.org

SPARC Europe

SPARC Europe is one of Europe’s key and long-standing voices advocating for unfettered access to research and data — for the academic community; for the whole of society.

More openness in research, we believe, will lead to an accelerated rate of discovery in academia and in the private sector, and of learning at every strata of education.

SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) Europe is a non-profit, member organisation comprised of a diverse body of academic institutions, library consortia, funding bodies, research institutes and some publishers, among others; all committed to delivering on the promise of open access and open science.

https://sparceurope.org