EDUCAUSE Review® is the association’s open-access digital and quarterly print flagship publication for the higher education IT community. With 22,000 distributed copies, the print magazine (ISSN: 1527-6619) takes a broad look at current developments and trends in information technology, how they may affect the college/university as an institution, and what these mean for higher education and society. The online version (ISSN 1945-709X) comprises more comprehensive coverage, including the content of the print magazine plus additional articles, practical advice and guidance, interactive elements, and multimedia about managing and using information resources in higher education.
The publication platform of the Max Weber Foundation
The Max Weber Foundation (MWS) is a federal foundation. It currently maintains ten research institutes as well as several branch offices or temporary research groups in a total of 13 countries and a joint office in Bonn. MWS is intensively involved in the field of digital publishing and Open Access. Since 2008, it provides the publication platform perspectivia.net for the publication and dissemination of the scientific results of its institutes. Providing free access to research results is perspectivia.net’s core mission.
Free access to knowledge
The electronic publication platform perspectivia.net sees itself as an international, epoch-spanning and interdisciplinary portal for publications in the humanities. As an infrastructure of the Max Weber Foundation – German Humanities Institutes Abroad, the publications published by the institutes and their cooperation partners are made freely accessible here. The Max Weber Foundation is committed to the principles of Open Access and perspectivia.net promotes free access to knowledge and accompanies the transformation of the humanities towards an open science.
In the publication series on perspectivia.net you will find both texts already published in print (retrodigital copies) and genuine online publications. All types of scholarly texts are represented, from journals, monographs and anthologies to workshop and conference reports, individual lectures and reviews. In addition, the platform presents extensive image material as well as audio and video files. Since basic research is one of the Max Weber Foundation’s special concerns, perspectivia.net increasingly provides database solutions for the presentation of source editions.
Open Access to Conference Proceedings
OpenProceedings is a service to the scientific community that originated from the desire of two major Computer Science conferences (EDBT—International Conference on Extending Database Technology, ICDT—International Conference on Database Theory) to make their papers available to the general public for free, following an Open Access strategy.
ICDT and EDBT started this Open Access publication platform and also make it available to other high-profile, peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings. The service is hosted at the University of Konstanz and its University Library, who have a renowned track record of encouraging and supporting Open Access publications.
All material published on OpenProceedings is copyright protected. In contrast to most commercial publishers, copyright remains with the authors, though. All we require from the authors is that they grant a publishing license, typically Creative Commons CC-by-nc-nd 4.0, that permits OpenProceedings as well as others to (re-)distribute the original works. In particular, authors are free to put identical copies on their Web pages and into institutional repositories.
An overlay journal or overlay ejournal is a type of open access academic journal, almost always an online electronic journal (ejournal), that does not produce its own content, but selects from texts that are already freely available online. While many overlay journals derive their content from preprint servers, others, such as the Lund Medical Faculty Monthly, contain mainly papers published by commercial publishers, but with links to self-archived preprint or postprints when possible.
The editors of an overlay journal locate suitable material from open access repositories and public domain sources, read it, and evaluate its worth. This evaluation may take the form of the judgement of a single editor or editors, or a full peer review process.
Public validation of subsequently approved texts may take several forms. At its most formal, the editor may republish the article with explicit approval. Approval might take the form of an addition to the text or its metadata. Or the editor may simply link to the article, via the table of contents of the overlay journal. An alternative approach is to link to articles already published in various open access ejournals, but adding value by grouping scattered articles together as a single themed issue of the overlay journal. Such themed issues allow the focussed coverage of relatively obscure or newly emerging topics.
ASAPbio (Accelerating Science and Publication in biology) is a scientist-driven nonprofit working to address this problem by promoting innovation and transparency in life sciences communication.
In 2015, ASAPbio founder Ron Vale published an analysis of the increasing time to first-author publication among graduate students at UCSF, and proposed a more widespread use of preprints in the life sciences as a potential solution. He recruited three fellow members of Rescuing Biomedical Research (Daniel Colon-Ramos, Harold Varmus, and Jessica Polka) to organize a meeting on the topic. Held at the headquarters of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in early 2016, the meeting concluded with broad consensus among attendees (among them researchers, funders, and representatives from journals and publishers) that preprints could productively contribute to the research ecosystem. As follow up from the meeting, ASAPbio began serving as a dedicated organization to coordinate efforts promoting the adoption of preprints in the life sciences.
ASAPbio subsequently received grant funding, incorporated as a nonprofit, and, in 2017, initiated a second area of programming focusing on increasing transparency in peer review.
SciPost is a complete scientific publication portal managed by and for scientists.
It is purely online-based, and offers freely, openly, globally and perpetually accessible science.
Being managed by professional scientists, and making use of editor-solicited and contributed reviews, its Journals aim at the highest achievable standards of refereeing.
SciPost Commentaries allow Contributors to seamlessly comment on all existing literature.
Preprint handling and circulation occurs through the well-established arXiv; the rest of the publication process, from peer refereeing through publication all the way to post-publication commenting, is offered by SciPost.
Thus, simply stated: share your preprint on arXiv, publish it in
An ISBN is an International Standard Book Number. ISBNs were 10 digits in length up to the end of December 2006, but since 1 January 2007 they now always consist of 13 digits. ISBNs are calculated using a specific mathematical formula and include a check digit to validate the number.
Each ISBN consists of 5 elements with each section being separated by spaces or hyphens. Three of the five elements may be of varying length:
Prefix element – currently this can only be either 978 or 979. It is always 3 digits in length
Registration group element – this identifies the particular country, geographical region, or language area participating in the ISBN system. This element may be between 1 and 5 digits in length
Registrant element – this identifies the particular publisher or imprint. This may be up to 7 digits in length
Publication element – this identifies the particular edition and format of a specific title. This may be up to 6 digits in length
Check digit – this is always the final single digit that mathematically validates the rest of the number. It is calculated using a Modulus 10 system with alternate weights of 1 and 3.
What is an ISBN used for?
An ISBN is essentially a product identifier used by publishers, booksellers, libraries, internet retailers and other supply chain participants for ordering, listing, sales records and stock control purposes. The ISBN identifies the registrant as well as the specific title, edition and format.
What does an ISBN identify?
ISBNs are assigned to text-based monographic publications (i.e. one-off publications rather than journals, newspapers, or other types of serials).
Any book made publicly available, whether for sale or on a gratis basis, can be identified by ISBN.
In addition, individual sections (such as chapters) of books or issues or articles from journals, periodicals or serials that are made available separately may also use the ISBN as an identifier.
With regard to the various media available, it is of no importance in what form the content is documented and distributed; however, each different product form (e.g. paperback, EPUB, .pdf) should be identified separately.
You can find examples of types of qualifying products and more information about the scope of the ISBN here.
ISBNs, the law and copyright
The ISBN is an identifier and does not convey any form of legal or copyright protection. However, in some countries the use of ISBN to identify publications has been made into a legal requirement.
Who should apply for ISBN?
It is always the publisher of the book who should apply for the ISBN. For the purposes of ISBN, the publisher is the group, organisation, company or individual who is responsible for initiating the production of a publication. Normally, it is also the person or body who bears the cost and financial risk in making a product available. It is not normally the printer, but it can be the author of the book if the author has chosen to publish their book themselves.
By providing the necessary metadata infrastructure and governance to enable a smooth, low-friction interface between funders, authors, institutions and publishers in a distributed network environment, CHORUS can minimize open access compliance burdens while increasing access to literature and data in support of funder mandates worldwide.
The first initiative of CHOR, Inc., a US 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, CHORUS leverages widely used technology to facilitate a simple compliance process, optimized search and dashboard services, and multi-party archiving and preservation capabilities.
Powered by the Crossref Open Funder Registry and other open technologies, CHORUS is interoperable with other open access and public access delivery solutions, agency search portals, publisher platforms, and scholarly repositories and archives. Built on proven infrastructure, CHORUS minimizes costs to publishers, overheads for funders, and administrative burden for authors.
More than 50 publishers – who collectively publish the vast majority of articles reporting on publicly funded research – have joined CHORUS. New articles are continuously added and freely accessible to the public on the publishers’ sites, either immediately on publication or after a designated embargo period.
This streamlined and cost-effective approach delivers value to funders, publishers, researchers, institutions, and the public at each point in the process of enabling open access:
IDENTIFICATION: Simply naming the funding source during the article submission process adds metadata from the Crossref Open Funder Registry, which triggers open access to the article. This easy step minimizes the time researchers have to spend on administrative tasks.
DISCOVERY: Users can quickly find the latest research articles via agency portals and common search engines, as well as through CHORUS’ optimized search application. CHORUS’ open programming and interface invites innovators to develop new tools and functionality that further support open access and facilitates text/data mining on funded research.
ACCESS: CHORUS points users to the best available version of articles on their publication sites, where they can find essential context, tools, and information, either immediately on publication or after an embargo period.
COMPLIANCE: Compliance is easy using simple tagging built into the article submission process, while a CHORUS dashboard application facilitates monitoring and reporting by funders and publishers without adding unnecessary costs and administrative overhead.
PRESERVATION: CHORUS ensures the integrity and sustainability of the scholarly record through partnerships with CLOCKSS, Portico, and other services that archive and preserve research articles in perpetuity.