Many universities and research institutions in Belgium run an institutional or subject-based repository. At present almost all universities and major university colleges have Open Access repositories. At present OpenDOAR list 24 Belgian repositories. Available full-text contents include doctoral and licentiate theses, journal articles, conference papers, reports, books and book chapters.
In the World ranking of Repositories the Belgian repositories are doing well, with 3 repositories listed in the top 100 of repositories worldwide, namely those of the Catholic university of Leuven, The university of Liege and the university of Ghent. There is no overarching open access mandate but awareness of Open Access issues has been rising steadily and 17 institutions set open access mandates.